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by Jim Timm

These pilot deviations need to be examined to determine if a common threat exists that should be addressed to help reduce the number of deviations that occur, and thus enhance aviation safety.

In the time period from January 14 through February 10 there were twenty general aviation pilot deviations recorded by the FAA SDL FSDO. These deviations were committed by certificate holders ranging from student, private, commercial, CFIs, and ATPs. Of the twenty deviations made, there was a need to issue only four Brashers.

Note: a Brasher is a notice that is issued when further FAA action will be taken.

The number of pilot deviations/incursions are up in this period, and as usual, some of these deviations really didn’t have to happen. Class Delta Airspace deviations seemed to be the predominate issue this reporting period. Pay attention to ATC instructions and follow them, and if you can’t comply, tell ATC why you can’t. Just don’t do something without telling them. Always know what type of airspace you are flying in, or may be about to enter, and please fly with more care and forethought.

 

In summary, the general aviation deviations this reporting period are:

Two IFR Route Deviations

Two Class Bravo Airspace Deviations

Nine Class Delta Airspace Deviations

Four Runway Incursions

Three Failure to Follow ATC Instructions

 

The details of the deviations this month are as follows:

 

IFR ROUTE DEVIATIONS

1/30      Route Deviation

ATP/CFI Pilot

Falcon Field (FFZ)

The aircraft departed Falcon Field on the SACAT 3 departure and turned northwest shortly after departing. ATC immediately turned the aircraft to a south bound heading, away from the aircraft that were on final approach to Phoenix. A Brasher was issued by the Phoenix TRACON, and the pilot stated they had accidentally programmed the wrong waypoint as the next fix on their flight plan.

 

2/9 Route Deviation

ATP/CFI Pilot

Deer Valley (DVT)

It was a Part 135 operation. The aircraft did not fly the DVT-1 procedure as published. The aircraft flew runway heading, and the pilot did not seem to be aware there was supposed to be a left turn when contacted by ATC. There was no loss of separation.

 

CLASS BRAVO AIRSPACE DEVIATION

1/20 Entering Both Class Bravo and Class Delta Airspace Without First Establishing Radio Contact And Approval To Enter.

Private Pilot

Scottsdale (SDL) & Phoenix (PHX)

The aircraft entered Scottsdale Class D Airspace without establishing two way radio communications, and then the aircraft also entered the Phoenix Class B Airspace without authorization, and flying through the departure path of multiple jets, without being on the radio frequency. Fortunately, there was no loss of separation.

 

1/30 Entering Class Bravo Airspace Without First Establishing Radio Contact

Private Pilot

Phoenix (PHX)

The aircraft was observed flying VFR on a 1200 Transponder Code, and entered the PHX Class Bravo Airspace at an altitude of 5,000 ft. where the base of the Bravo airspace is 3,400 ft. The aircraft was not in communication with the PHX TRACON.

 

CLASS DELTA AIRSPACE DEVIATIONS

1/20 Entering Delta Airspace Without First Establishing Radio Communications.

Private Pilot

Falcon Field (FFZ)

The aircraft departed Chandler (CHD) after making a practice instrument approach, and

entered the Falcon Field (FFZ) Delta Airspace flying northbound. Falcon ATC tried to establish contact with the aircraft as it entered their airspace, and continued several attempts without success. The aircraft was VFR and had been given a frequency change from CHD when it departed their airspace, but the aircraft did not establish contact with the Phoenix TRACON until they were north of Falcon Field. The aircraft passed through the FFZ Airspace at the pattern altitude, and multiple other aircraft were given traffic alerts, as the airplane was in conflict with the traffic in the downwind legs of the two runways. After contacting the PHX TRACON, the pilot was issued a Brasher, and given the FFZ phone number to call.

 

1/25 Entering Delta Airspace Without First Establishing Radio Communications.

Commercial Pilot

Gateway (IWA) & Falcon Field (FFZ)

The aircraft entered the Gateway (IWA) Class D Airspace without establishing two way radio communications, exited the airspace, and then entered the Falcon Field (FFZ) Class Delta Airspace two miles north of the airport and passed through it at 2,800 ft. without ever establishing communications. There was no loss of separation with other aircraft. The aircraft then contacted Scottsdale (SDL) ATC, and landed at SDL. Scottsdale gave the pilot a Brasher, and also gave him the IWA and FFZ phone numbers.

 

1/28 Entering Delta Airspace Without First Establishing Radio Communications.

Private Pilot

Goodyear (GYR)

The aircraft entered the Goodyear (GYR) Class D Airspace without first establishing two

way radio communications. There was no loss of separation with other aircraft.

 

1/28 Entering Delta Airspace Without First Establishing Radio Communications.

Private Pilot

Deer Valley (DVT)

The aircraft entered the Deer Valley (DVT) Class Delta Airspace three miles southeast of DVT without first establishing radio communications. Both the north and the south tower controllers attempted to establish contact without success. The aircraft proceeded westbound and exited the Class Delta Airspace without further incident, and the aircraft shortly after contacted Luke RAPCON. Coordination was made between DVT and Luke to have the pilot call the DVT Tower at their final destination.

 

2/2 Entering Delta Airspace Without First Establishing Radio Communications.

Private Pilot

Chandler (CHD)

The aircraft was observed violating the Chandler (CHD) Class Delta Airspace at an altitude of 2,600 ft., and the aircraft never established radio contact with CHD. The aircraft was observed going to Falcon Field (FFZ), and FFZ was contacted and asked to issue a Brasher warning for the airspace violation. The pilot claimed the transponder Mode C was off and that they had crossed CHD at or above 3,500 ft.

 

2/2 Entering Delta Airspace Without First Establishing Radio Communications.

UNK Certification

Deer Valley (DVT)

The pilot deviation was reported by the Deer Valley (DVT) ATC when the aircraft entered the DVT Class Delta Airspace after being told to remain clear. There was no loss to traffic separation.

 

2/7 Entering Delta Airspace Without First Establishing Radio Communications.

ATP Pilot

Falcon Field (FFZ) & Gateway (IWA)

The aircraft entered the Falcon Field (FFZ) Class Delta Airspace from the northwest on a southeast heading at 3,100 feet. Both north and south tower positions attempted to establish contact with the aircraft, but calls went unanswered. The aircraft was tagged as an airspace violator on a STARS. The aircraft also went on to violate the Gateway (IWA) Class Delta Airspace while on their course. The FFZ controllers were waiting for a Brasher to be issued by another facility.

 

RUNWAY INCURSIONS

1/16 Landing Without ATC Authorization

UNK Certification

Deer Valley (DVT)

The pilot deviation was reported by a Deer Valley controller when the aircraft landed on

runway 25L without ATC authorization. This incident was initially thought to be intentional, but further investigation disclosed the event was not intentional, but pilot error, and the PIC was very cooperative with the investigation.

 

1/20 Crossed Hold Short Line Without Authorization

UNK Certification (Mexico)

Tucson (TUS)

The pilot deviation was reported by the Tucson ATC when the aircraft crossed the hold

short line of runway 11L while an air carrier aircraft was on short final.

 

1/26 Taking Off Without ATC Authorization

Commercial Pilot

Glendale (GEU)

The Tower Controller cleared the aircraft to land on Runway 1. The pilot read the instructions back correctly, however the aircraft conducted a touch and go, and then asked the controller if they wanted them to make a left or right traffic pattern. The pilot attempted to make an early crosswind, and the controller instructed them to continue upwind and advised them that they were not given permission for an early crosswind. After landing on Runway 1 on the next approach, the aircraft contacted Ground Control (GC), but taxied via Taxiway Alpha prior to GC giving them any taxi instructions. No other traffic was involved.

 

1/27 A Ground Vehicle Crossed An Active Runway Without Authorization

N/A

Scottsdale (SDL)

The Scottsdale Ground Controller observed an aircraft tug crossing Runway 21 and advised them that they were instructed to hold short of the runway.

 

FALURE TO FOLLOW ATC INSTRUCTIONS

1/21 Failure to Maintain Assigned Altitude

Student Pilot

Falcon Field (FFZ)

The aircraft was told to maintain 2,000 ft. altitude on departure, however the aircraft

continued its climb above 2,000 ft., and through the path of another aircraft. The controller issued a traffic alert and told the aircraft to continue its climb above the other aircraft. Both aircraft had each other in sight, and no overflight had occurred.

 

1/25 Entered an Active Taxiway Without ATC Authorization

Private Pilot

Chandler (CHD)

The aircraft landed Runway 4R and was holding short of Runway 4L on Taxiway Lima. The Controller instructed the aircraft to cross Runway 4L on Taxiway Lima and contact Ground Control (GC). The aircraft crossed Runway 4L and continued taxiing across Taxiway Alpha, and then contacted GC. GC instructed the aircraft to stop and advised them that they were to call for taxi instructions prior to entering an active taxiway (which was Alpha). No other traffic was involved.

 

2/1 Entered an Active Taxiway Without ATC Authorization

Commercial/CFI

Pilot Chandler (CHD)

The aircraft was holding short of Runway 22R after landing on Runway 22L. The Controller instructed the aircraft to cross Runway 22R, and contact Ground Control (GC). The aircraft crossed Runway 22R and continued on across Taxiway Alpha to the ramp without ever establishing two way communication with GC and receiving taxi instructions. No other traffic was involved.

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