by Jim Timm
In the time period from September 10 through October 14, 2021, there were twelve general aviation pilot deviations recorded by the FAA SDL FSDO. These deviations were committed by Military, private, commercial, CFIs, and ATPs. Of the twelve deviations made, there was a need to issue four Brashers.
Note: a Brasher is a notice that is issued when further FAA action will be taken.
In summary, the general aviation deviations this reporting period are:
One Military IFR Route Deviation
One IFR Operational Deviation
Three Class Delta Airspace Deviations
Seven Runway Incursion Deviations
Unfortunately, there appeared to be an excessive number of runway incursions committed this month. In several cases the pilots didn’t seem to understand what the runway hold short lines meant. Pilots need to know what the airport and runway signs and markings mean and react accordingly.
The details of the deviations this month are as follows:
9/20 IFR - Route Military Pilot
A flight of three F-16's were northwest bound and climbing to 16,000 feet. At 2230z, Albuquerque Center cleared the flight of F-16's to turn right 30 degrees for traffic. The lead aircraft read back the clearance correctly. At 2231z, Center had not seen a turn yet, and cleared the flight of F-16's to fly a heading of 350° and expedite the turn. At 2232z, the flight of F-16's had still not started a turn, so Center issued a 010-degree heading, but not before a loss of separation had resulted with an air carrier who was descending into Tucson. The flight of three F-16's did not comply with ATC instructions, and a Brasher was issued. The flight Lead called the facility later and stated that he was offline and had number 3 listening. Number 3 was trying to contact the Lead on the second radio, but it was not coming through clearly.
9/24 IFR Route Commercial Pilot
An aircraft departing DVT was cleared for the DVT1 Departure. The aircraft should have departed, and turned north to join the PXR 336 radial, but instead, turned southbound direct to the PXR VOR. The Aircraft was issued a Brasher warning by the PHX TRACON.
DELTA AIRSPACE DEVIATIONS
9/10 Entering Delta Airspace Without First Establishing Radio Communications. Commercial/CFI Pilot
The pilot deviation was reported by the DVT Tower when the aircraft entered the DVT Class Delta Airspace prior to establishing two-way radio communications.
9/29 Entering Delta Airspace Without First Establishing Radio Communications. Private Pilot
The aircraft appeared to come from Chandler (CHD) and transitioned the Falcon Field (FFZ) Class Delta Airspace in the vicinity of Wagon Wheel, and headed to the northeast. The Falcon Tower called the Chandler Tower, and the Chandler controller said they were familiar with the aircraft, but they were not talking to the aircraft. The aircraft later called Falcon Tower from the north for a touch, and go, and a return to Chandler CHD. A Brasher was given on its departure to CHD.
9/30 Entering Delta Airspace Without First Establishing Radio Communications. Commercial Pilot
The King Air was flying IFR, and receiving ATC services from the PHX TRACON, and was observed to be entering the DVT Class Delta Airspace without having first established two-way radio communication with DVT. The DVT north and south controllers both attempted to contact the aircraft multiple times without success. Once the aircraft turned final, the tower personnel directed a green light gun signal to the aircraft to signal “cleared to land.” The aircraft landed, and upon exiting the runway, contacted Ground Control, who then issued the Brasher notice. No other aircraft were impacted during this event.
9/16 Attempting To Takeoff Without Instructions Commercial/CFI Pilot @ FFZ
An aircraft attempted to depart without a takeoff clearance while another aircraft was cleared to cross the same runway. The tower controller had instructed Aircraft #1 to line up and wait on the runway, and the pilot read the instruction back correctly. The tower then instructed aircraft #2 to cross the runway mid field, and when the controller scanned the runway, he noticed aircraft #1 had started a departure roll, and the controller immediately instructed aircraft #1 to hold position, and the controller then also instructed aircraft #2 to hold position. Aircraft #2 stopped but was approximately 10 feet past the hold short line. Aircraft #1 was then instructed to exit the runway.
9/18 Aircraft Entered the Runway Without ATC Authorization Private Pilot @ DVT
A Cessna entered the runway without ATC authorization while a Piper was on short final. The Cessna was instructed by Ground Control to hold short of the runway at a specific taxiway, and the read back of the instruction was correct. The Cessna was observed to be moving towards the runway and did not look as though they would stop short of the hold line. Ground Control instructed the Cessna to hold position, and instructed them to stop. The Cessna stopped but was across the hold short markings. The Controller issued a go around to the Piper inside a 1/4 mile final. The go around was executed prior to the threshold, and the Piper did not overfly the Cessna.
9/23 Aircraft Entered the Runway Without Authorization Private Pilot @ DVT
The aircraft crossed the hold short line of the runway without ATC authorization. The aircraft was holding in the run-up area, and advised Ground Control that their run-up was complete, and Ground Control instructed the aircraft to taxi via a specific taxiway to the active runway, and the read back was correct. The aircraft taxied to the runway, and taxied across the hold short line of the runway. Ground Control instructed them to hold position and contact the Tower. The Tower asked the aircraft if they were ready for departure and cleared them for takeoff. No other traffic was involved.
9/25 Aircraft Entered the Runway Without Authorization Commercial Pilot @ DVT
The Beechcraft had crossed the hold short line for the runway without ATC authorization while a Cessna was short final. Ground Control had taxied the Beech to the runway for an intersection departure, and the pilot read back was correct. The Beech advised Ground Control that they had gone approximately 4 feet past the runway hold short line at the runway intersection due to a brake issue. Ground Control instructed the Beechcraft to hold position and contact the Tower. The Tower issued a go around to the Cessna who was on short final. The go around was issued and acknowledged prior to the threshold.
10/3 Aircraft Entered the Runway Without Authorization ATP @ FFZ
The Piper crossed the hold short line of runway without ATC authorization while another aircraft was landing. The Piper called the Tower, and advise they were holding short of the runway, and were awaiting release. The Tower instructed the Piper to hold short. The Piper asked the Tower if they would be going before a Challenger that was also holding short of the runway, and the Tower advised that they would be going first unless approach control wanted it different. The Piper advised the Tower that they were going to go over to an adjacent parallel taxiway so they wouldn't get blown away by the Challenger. As the landing aircraft was crossing the threshold, the Piper called the tower, and said they were holding short of the runway. The Piper had crossed the hold short line of the runway on the adjacent taxiway as the landing aircraft was crossing past the taxiway. The Tower advised the Piper that they had just gone on the runway, and issued instructions for the Piper to clear the runway.
10/3 Aircraft Entered the Runway Without Authorization Private Pilot @ DVT
The aircraft landed on an incorrect runway without ATC authorization while another aircraft was on short final for the same runway. The offending aircraft was cleared to land on Runway Left, and the pilot did not read back the runway assignment. The offending aircraft, instead of lining up on Runway Left as directed, lined up for Runway Right in front of an aircraft that was approaching on final for Runway Right. The offending aircraft landed on Runway Right, and the other aircraft on an approximate 1/4 mile final advised the Tower that they were going around for traffic on the runway.
10/4 Aircraft Entered the Runway Without Authorization Commercial Pilot @ PRC
An aircraft landed on a runway without ATC authorization while another aircraft was on short final for the same runway. The aircraft had departed Runway 21L without a transponder and advised the Tower that they wanted a straight out departure. Later, the Tower heard some unintelligible transmissions on the frequency but could not determine who was making the transmissions. As the Tower was working their traffic pattern, they scanned Runway 21L and saw that an airplane had just landed on the runway, and they were not in communication with it. A Cessna was inside a 1/4 mile final for the runway, and the Tower issued a go around to them. The Tower then asked who the aircraft was on the runway, and the aircraft advised that it was them, the aircraft that had departed straight out earlier. Later on the phone, the pilot said that they did what the AIM told them to do, and entered a downwind, flashed their lights, and rocked their wings. ATC advised the pilot that they did not see them until after they had landed on Runway 21L.