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by Jim Timm

 

These pilot deviations need to be examined to determine if a common threat exists that should be addressed to help reduce the number of deviations that occur and enhance aviation safety.

In the time period from May 13 through June 9 there were eighteen pilot deviations recorded by the FAA SDL FSDO. These deviations were committed by all pilot certificate levels, from student through ATP, and of the eighteen deviations made, there was a need to issue eight Brashers. This month there were eight out of state pilots committing pilot deviations. Overall, the number of deviations were about the same as the last reporting period.

Note: A controller will issue a Brasher notification when further FAA action will be taken, and the controller is thus giving the airman the opportunity to make note of the occurrence, and collect their thoughts for their future interaction with Flight Standards.

Pay attention to ATC instructions and follow them, and if you can’t comply, tell ATC why you can’t. Just don’t do something without advising them. Always be aware of what type of airspace you are flying in, or may be about to enter, and please fly with care and forethought.

The details of the deviations this month are as follows:

 

IFR DEVIATIONS

5/15     Altitude Deviation

Private Pilot Certification

Albuquerque Center (ZAB)

At 2045z a Beechcraft was observed at 10,700 ft. This was 300 ft below the assigned altitude of 11,000 ft. A Cessna was northbound at 10,000 ft. The closest proximity of the two aircraft was 3.22 miles and 700 ft. The controller advised the Beechcraft “I show you 300 ft low. Maintain 11,000. The PRC altimeter is xx.xx.” The controller did not verify the Beechcraft was level at 11,000 ft nor was a traffic alert issued. At 2046:30, a Cessna showed 300 ft low in the same area. Neither pilot had reported they were unable to maintain altitude. The Cessna did report level at 10,000 ft.

 

5/16 Altitude Deviation

ATP/CFI Pilot

California Pilot

Albuquerque Center (ZAB)

At 2307z, Albuquerque Center cleared the aircraft to climb to and maintain 12,000 feet. The aircraft read back the clearance correctly. At 2312z, the Center observed the aircraft above the assigned altitude and cleared the aircraft to maintain 13,000 feet. The aircraft had made an unauthorized climb to 13,100 feet before the Center corrected it. The event occurred near Buckeye. A Brasher was issued, and when the pilot called the facility, he stated that he thought he was cleared to climb to 14,000 feet.

 

5/19 Altitude Deviation

Private Pilot

California Pilot

Albuquerque Center (ZAB)

A Cessna Citation was out of FL290 climbing to FL310 with an air carrier in the opposite direction at FL320, and merging target procedures were issued to the air carrier. The Center controller observed the Citation climb through FL310, and the controller instructed the aircraft to maintain FL310. Loss of separation occurred with the closest proximity observed as .72 lateral and 500 ft. vertical. The pilot of the Citation stated he was cleared to FL310, but climbed through momentarily due to a distraction. No RA was reported by either pilot, and no safety alert was issued by the controller.

 

5/27 NORDO Deviation

ATP Pilot

Texas Pilot

Albuquerque Center (ZAB)

At 0911z, the Los Angeles Center (ZLA) Controller cleared the aircraft to contact Albuquerque Center on 135.15. The aircraft did not respond to a call, nor any subsequent attempts made by ATC at that time. The aircraft remained out of contact with ATC until 1012z, when the Albuquerque Center Controller established communications. The event originated near New Hope, AZ, in LaPaz County. A Brasher was issued by the Albuquerque Center Controller at 1015z.

 

6/6 Route (SID) Deviation

ATP/CFI Pilot

California Pilot

Albuquerque Center (ZAB)

The aircraft was flying the MAYSA7 departure off of SDL. The MAYSA7 instructs pilots to fly, after the MAYSA fix, direct to RRSTA. After the MAYSA fix, the Center Controller observed the aircraft turning about 20 degrees left of course and the controller turned the aircraft back to the right. The aircraft had made an unauthorized turn, which resulted in the aircraft violating the mile protected airspace of the BAGDAD MOA, which was active at FL280 and below. The aircraft got within one mile of the MOA at 26,100 MSL. The event occurred near Wood Trap, AZ, in Yavapai County. A Brasher was issued.

 

CLASS BRAVO AIRSPACE DEVIATIONS

5/20 Entering Class Bravo Airspace Without Obtaining Prior Approval

ATP/CFI Pilot

Phoenix TRACON

The aircraft entered the Phoenix Class Bravo Airspace without a clearance. The aircraft was identified by ADS-B, and it landed at Falcon Field (FFZ). There was no loss of separation, and FFZ ATC issued the Brasher.

 

6/6 Entering Class Bravo Airspace Without Obtaining Prior Approval

Commercial Pilot

New Jersey Pilot

Phoenix TRACON

The pilot deviation was reported by the Phoenix TRACON when the aircraft entered the PHX Class Bravo Airspace without ATC authorization.

 

CLASS DELTA AIRSPACE DEVIATIONS

5/15 Entering Class Delta Airspace Without Obtaining Prior Authorization

Private Pilot

California Pilot

Phoenix Deer Valley (DVT)

The pilot deviation was reported by a Deer Valley controller when the Cessna was observed on the RADAR entering the DVT Class Delta Airspace from the southeast at 3,200 feet without ATC authorization.

 

5/25 Entering Class Delta Airspace Without Obtaining Prior Authorization

Private Pilot

Washington Pilot

Phoenix Deer Valley (DVT)

The pilot deviation was reported by the Deer Valley Tower when the Piper aircraft entered the controlled Class Delta Airspace without ATC authorization.

 

5/27 Entering Class Delta Airspace Without Obtaining Prior Authorization

Private Pilot

Phoenix Deer Valley (DVT)

The pilot deviation was reported by the Deer Valley Tower when the helicopter entered the DVT Class Delta Airspace from the northwest without establishing communications with either tower frequency.

 

5/27 Entering Class Delta Airspace Without Obtaining Prior Authorization

ATP/CFI Pilot

Mesa Falcon Field (FFZ)

The Piper aircraft entered the Falcon Field Delta Airspace from the east without establishing radio communication. The Falcon Field controller reached out multiple times to the Piper without a response. The controller had to turn and climb aircraft from the south to avoid the Piper. Falcon Ground Control reached out to the Chandler Tower about the Piper aircraft. Chandler issued a Brasher to the Piper and told the aircraft to contact the Falcon Field Tower.

 

AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL INSTRUCTIONS

6/2 Failure to follow the Air Traffic Control Instructions.

2 Dump Trucks (No Pilot Certification)

Prescott (PRC)

Two dump trucks were observed on the Prescott Airport proceeding on taxiway Delta, near taxiway Delta 5, moving southwest bound. The drivers were not in contact with ATC and did not receive a clearance to enter the movement area. ATC contacted Airport Operations to intercept the vehicles. No air traffic was involved.

 

WRONG SURFACE ALIGNMENT

6/5 Aligned with the wrong surface for landing.

Unknown Pilot Certificate

Tucson (TUS)

The pilot deviation was reported by the Tucson Tower when the aircraft was cleared to land on Runway 29L, but aligned with Runway 29R, and conflicted with an air carrier which was also on final for Runway 29R.

 

RUNWAY INCURSIONS

5/7 Entering a runway area without ATC authorization.

Private Pilot

Georgia Pilot

Phoenix Deer Valley (DVT)

The pilot deviation was reported by the DVT Tower when the aircraft crossed the hold short line of Runway 7R without ATC authorization. 

 

5/8 Entering a runway area without ATC authorization.

Commercial Pilot

Phoenix Deer Valley (DVT)

The aircraft entered the RWY 7L Runway Safety Area (RSA) without ATC authorization. Ground Control had instructed the aircraft to taxi to RWY 7L via TWY A and A4. The pilot read back was correct. Ground Control observed the aircraft to cross the hold line at RWY 7L, and TWY A4, and instructed them to stop. No other traffic involved. The Brasher was issued.

 

5/9 Entering a runway without ATC authorization.

Commercial/CFI Pilot

Phoenix Deer Valley (DVT)

The aircraft conducted a touch and go on Runway 25L without ATC authorization. The aircraft had been in the pattern at DVT conducting short approaches to Runway 25R. The Local Control North (LCN) cleared the aircraft once again for a short approach touch and to use Runway 25R and advised them of the traffic they were following. The read back was correct. The aircraft conducted a touch and go to Runway 25L instead of Runway 25R. The tower stated that the aircraft had passed Taxiway Charlie 13 on Runway 25R prior to touching down when Local Control South (LCS) cleared a Cessna for takeoff from the full length of Runway 25L. The Cessna had entered the runway but did not roll because they saw the aircraft touch down near Taxiway Charlie 11 and they advised the (LCS) of the issue.

 

5/27 Entering a runway without ATC authorization.

Student Pilot

Prescott (PRC)

Cessna entered Runway 21L without ATC authorization. The Local Control (LC) had put an aircraft in position and hold on Runway 21L at Taxiway Charlie 4. The Cessna called, holding short of Runway 21L on Taxiway Delta 7, and advised they were ready for departure. The LC instructed the Cessna to hold short of Runway 21L full length. The read back was correct. The LC cleared the aircraft at Taxiway Charlie 4 for takeoff. The Cessna then taxied onto Runway 21L at Taxiway Delta 7. LC instructed the Cessna to hold position, and then issued instructions for the Cessna to exit the runway, and a Brasher was issued to the Cessna.

 

5/27 Attempting to depart a runway without ATC authorization.

Student Pilot

Mesa (FFZ)

The aircraft was holding short of RWY 22L for departure, and the tower cleared the aircraft for takeoff, but the pilot was very hesitant with the read back, and there was traffic on final, so the controller canceled the aircraft’s takeoff clearance, and issued hold short instructions before the aircraft ever moved forward. The aircraft did finally taxi onto the runway without permission, and the aircraft on final had to be sent around. The offending aircraft was issued the Brasher on the Local Control frequency, but the pilot did not understand. Ground Control then reissued the Brasher with a proper phone number read back.

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