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by Jim Timm

 

These pilot deviations need to be examined to determine if a common threat exists that we should address to help reduce the number of deviations that occur, and thus enhance aviation safety.

In the time period from November 10 through December 8 there were nineteen pilot deviations recorded by the FAA SDL FSDO. These deviations were committed by pilot certificate levels, from student through ATP/CFI, and of these nineteen deviations made, there was a need to issue seven Brashers. This month there were also six out of state pilots that committed the deviations. The number of deviations reported have increased significantly this period, and I wish they would have remained at the low level of last time.

Note, a controller will issue a Brasher notification when further FAA action will be taken, and the controller is thus giving the airman the opportunity to make note of the occurrence and collect their thoughts for their future interaction with Flight Standards.

Pilots need to listen carefully to ATC instructions and follow them, and if you can’t comply, tell ATC why you can’t. When flying in controlled airspace, pilots shouldn’t be creative, but talk to ATC before they do something that differs from the instructions given. Always be aware of what type of airspace you are flying in, or maybe about to enter, and know what may be expected of you. Always fly with care and forethought.

The details of the deviations this month are as follows:

 

IFR DEVIATION

11/10    IFR Route

Military Pilot

Albuquerque Center (ZAB)

The F16 fighter came out of Tucson (TUS) was cleared to fly in the OUTLAW MOA, at FL350 and below. Later a ZAB controller observed the F16 was outside the southern confines of the OUTLAW MOA Area, at 22,800 feet. Utilizing a guard frequency, the controller advised the F16 to “work north.” To maintain separation with other traffic, the center controller also had to turn some potential traffic, who was at FL220. The event occurred near San Manuel, AZ, and a Brasher was issued.

 

CLASS BRAVO AIRSPACE DEVIATION

11/9    Entering Class Bravo Airspace Without Authorization

Private Pilot

Out of California

PHX TRACON

The aircraft entered Class Bravo Airspace without a clearance 5 miles west of Scottsdale (SDL). After climbing up to 7,500' the pilot called the Biltmore Sector Controller for flight following. The controller issued the Brasher Warning to the pilot.

 

CLASS DELTA AIRSPACE DEVIATION

11/5    Entering Class Delta Airspace Without First Establishing Communication

Private Pilot

Gateway Airport (IWA) Tower

The pilot deviation was reported by the IWA tower when the aircraft entered the IWA Class Delta Airspace without first establishing two-way radio communications.

 

11/7    Entering Class Delta Airspace Without First Establishing Communication

Private Pilot

Gateway Airport (IWA) Tower

The pilot deviation was reported by the Gateway Tower when the aircraft entered the IWA Class Delta Airspace from the south at 3500 feet MSL and transitioned northbound along the west side of the IWA airspace without establishing two-way radio communications. There was an IFR departure that had to be delayed due to the errant aircraft.

 

11/17    Entering Class Delta Airspace Without First Establishing Communication

Commercial Pilot

Out of California

Phoenix Deer Valley (DVT) Tower

The pilot deviation was reported by the DVT tower when the aircraft entered the DVT Class Delta Airspace without first establishing two-way radio communications with the tower.

 

11/20    Entering Class Delta Airspace Without First Establishing Communication

Private Pilot

Out of California

Chandler (CHD) Tower

The Chandler Tower observed the aircraft entering the CHD Class Delta Airspace, and the controller tried to contact the aircraft on the tower frequency but was unsuccessful. The controller observed the aircraft entering the Gateway (IWA) Class Delta Airspace, and the controller advised the IWA tower to have the aircraft contact the CHD tower when able. The pilot contacted the CHD tower by telephone and advised the controller that he was unaware he was in the CHD airspace and was sorry. There was no loss of aircraft separation reported. 

 

11/23    Entering Class Delta Airspace Without First Establishing Communication

ATP/CFI Pilot

Out of Alaska

Scottsdale (SDL) Tower 

The pilot deviation was reported by the Scottsdale Tower when the aircraft entered the Scottsdale Class Delta Airspace without first establishing two-way radio communications. 

 

11/26    Entering Class Delta Airspace Without First Establishing Communication

Private Pilot

Phoenix Deer Valley (DVT) Tower

The aircraft transitioned through the DVT Class Delta Airspace southbound without contacting the DVT Tower. The aircraft entered the airspace under 3000' and exited the airspace 4 NM southwest at 2900'. The DVT north and south controllers both attempted to establish contact but did not receive a response. Noting the aircraft appeared to be heading for Glendale, the DVT Tower called the Glendale Airport Tower, and advised them to issue a Brasher warning. No other aircraft were affected or impacted. 

 

11/28    Entering Class Delta Airspace Without First Establishing Communication

UNK. Rated Pilot

Scottsdale (SDL) Tower

The pilot deviation was reported by the Scottsdale Tower when the aircraft entered the Scottsdale Class Delta Airspace without first establishing two-way radio communications.

 

11/30    Entering Class Delta Airspace Without First Establishing Communication

Student Pilot

Gateway Airport (IWA) Tower

The aircraft entered the IWA Class Delta Airspace at 3100 feet MSL from the southwest, and transitioned through the airspace to the east, and eventually turned north, and exited the Class Delta Airspace at 

3100 feet MSL. The airspace violator was in direct conflict with an IFR departure, and a traffic alert was issued. There was no loss of separation.

 

AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL INSTRUCTIONS

11/9    Failure to follow the Air Traffic Control Instructions. (Resulting in a NMAC)

ATP/CFI Pilot

Out of Iowa

Scottsdale (SDL)

At the Scottsdale Airport (SDL), a Cessna Citation circled to the incorrect runway while on approach from the northwest, resulting in a loss of separation with a Beechcraft BE40 that was departing westbound. The closest proximity was 0.14 NM and 300 feet vertical.

 

12/6    Failure to follow the Air Traffic Control Instructions.

Student Pilot

Mesa Falcon Field (FFZ)

The aircraft was being flown by a Student Pilot during his first solo flight and was staying in the closed traffic pattern. The student was flying his downwind leg on a course that was too close to the runway to allow for a safe base leg turn to the RWY 4R final without intruding into a parallel runway’s final. The aircraft flew through the RWY 4R final and corrected back to the 4R final before electing to go around. The controller then issued instructions for a right closed traffic, and again, the aircraft flew a downwind leg that was too close to the runway. On this second approach, the controller issued instructions to widen out the pattern, and suggested a turn of 10° to the left. It didn’t appear that the pilot of the aircraft ever made the correction, and the aircraft was flying over the runway final, opposite the direction of traffic. The controller then issued a left turn to a heading of 120° to deconflict the aircraft with the inbound traffic. The pilot of the airplane appeared to accept the suggested turn away from the field, but then suddenly began angling back to the runway. The controller, at that point, just cleared the pilot to land.

 

RUNWAY INCURSIONS

11/1    Failure to Clear the Runway After Landing.

Private Pilot

Chandler Airport (CHD)

The pilot deviation was reported by the CHD Tower when his aircraft failed to clear the Hold Short Line after landing on RWY 4L. The pilot did not read back “RWY 4L” in the read back, and on exiting the runway the pilot didn’t clear the Hold Short lines causing another aircraft on final to be sent around. A Brasher warning was issued. 

 

11/5    Departing A Runway Without ATC Authorization.

Commercial/CFI Pilot

Scottsdale Airport (SDL)

The pilot deviation was reported by the Scottsdale Airport Tower when the aircraft departed runway 3 without ATC authorization.

 

11/7    Landing on a Runway Without ATC Authorization.

Student Pilot

Gateway Airport (IWA)

The pilot deviation was reported by the IWA Tower when the aircraft landed on runway 12C without ATC authorization.

 

11/13    Departing on a Runway Without ATC Authorization.

ATP/CFI Pilot

Phoenix Deer Valley Airport (DVT)

The Controller had instructed the aircraft to line up and wait on Runway 7R. The read back was correct, and aircraft lined up on Runway 7R and then departed without a takeoff clearance. No other traffic was involved. 

 

11/20    The Aircraft Taxied Past the Hold Short Line.

Private Pilot

Mesa Falcon Field (FFZ)

The aircraft was instructed to taxi via taxiway D and hold short of runway 4R at taxiway D5. The aircraft crossed the hold short line of RWY 4R at taxiway D5. Ground control told the tower to send a Piper on short final to go around and told the offending aircraft to hold position. After the aircraft was taxied to the Echo ramp, they were issued the Brasher warning.

 

RESTRICTED AIRSPACE DEVIATIONS

11/7    Flying Within Restricted Airspace Without Authorization.

Private Pilot

Albuquerque Center (ZAB)

Restricted Area R2310 was active up to 10,000 feet. At 1918z, a VFR aircraft squawking 1200, called a ZAB controller to report that he had ‘inadvertently flown through Restricted Area R2310 at 7,500 feet’. A Phoenix TRACON replay shows a 1200 code aircraft enter R2310 at 1915z and remained inside until 1917z. A Brasher was issued.

 

11/30    Flying Within Restricted Airspace Without Authorization.

Private Pilot

Out of South Carolina

Albuquerque Center (ZAB)

The aircraft was VFR at 9,500 feet. The ZAB Controller observed the aircraft entering the Restricted Area R2301E, which was active. The aircraft was inside the lateral confines of R2301E by about 1 mile before the ZAB Controller turned the aircraft to exit the restricted airspace. The event occurred near Dateland, AZ. and a Brasher was issued. The pilot stated that he thought he was just south of V66. He also said that he knew about the restricted airspace but didn't think he was in it until the controller told him to turn.

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